UN SC voices different views on Kosovo
30. November 2011. | 12:11
Representatives of the United States, the Great Britain, France and Germany called Tuesday for immediate removal of barricades in north Kosovo, while representatives of Russia and China underlined that integrity and sovereignty of Serbia have to be respected.
At a session of the UN Security Council on Tuesday evening, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremic asked the UN Security Council to ensure that unilateral actions are no longer allowed, while permanent members harshly condemned violence but remained divided about which party is to be held responsible.
Permanent Representative of Germany to the UN Peter Wittig welcomed Tuesday's call issued by Serbian President Boris Tadic for Kosovo Serbs to remove roadblocks in northern Kosovo and to do all to end blockage of roads.
I welcome the call issued by Serbian President Boris Tadic for Kosovo Serbs to remove roadblocks in northern Kosovo and to refrain from violence. I provide my explicit support to Tadic's call, Wittig stated on Tuesday.
US Deputy Permanent Representative UN Security Council Rosemary A. DiCarlo said that violence in north Kosovo was triggered by a few extremists, adding that her country is still optimistic about the resolution of problems between Belgrade and Pristina.
She urged the Serbian government to cooperate with KFOR and EULEX on removal of barricades and arrest of suspects of crime in north Kosovo.
The U.S. representative said that Kosovo is a uniform customs area and that therefore it has the right to control its borders, adding that Serbia's security structures are still illegally located in north Kosovo.
Ambassador and Political Coordinator Michael Tatham of the UK Mission to the UN at the Security Council severely condemned, as he put it, attacks on KFOR in Kosovo, calling for immediate removal of barricades.
He said that the dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina should be reestablished, and added that the United Kingdom is a firm supporter of Serbia's EU accession
Similar views were voiced by the representatives of Germany and France, while Permanent Representative of France Gerard Araud pointed out that the greatest victims of the roadblocks in north Kosovo are people living in this area.
Organized crime groups manipulate the situation and incite violence, Araud noted.
The German ambassador said that violence was organized by Serb protestors, and called for full freedom of movement throughout Kosovo.
He underlined that Belgrade has to implement agreements which have been reached so far as this is one of the preconditions for achieving the EU candidate status on December 9.
All ambassadors of western countries welcomed the appointment of Clint Williamson as lead prosecutor for the EULEX Special Investigative Task Force which is to investigate the human organ trafficking allegations contained in the Council of Europe Report of December 2010 by Senator Dick Marty.
However, the ambassadors of Russia and China voices completely opposite views from those of the western countries stating that Pristina is responsible for violence in north Kosovo.
Russia's Permanent Representative at the Security Council Vitaly Churkin reiterated that the official Moscow does not recognize Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence and that this stance will remain unchanged, and added that Pristina's unilateral actions are unacceptable.
Violence would have been avoided if KFOR had not tried to remove barricades by force, but rather tried to affect Pristina authorities not to use force, Churkin underlined.
He called for investigation into all incidents in which KFOR used force in Kosovo, and recalled that murder of one Serb in Kosovska Mitrovica on November 9 is still unresolved.
Tensions still exist due to Pristina's intention to establish control by force in Serb-populated areas, the Russian ambassador said.
Churkin urged a detailed investigation into the human organ trafficking in Kosovo, adding that witnesses of war crimes in Kosovo have no protection.
The Chinese ambassador underlined that Serbia's integrity and territorial sovereignty have to be respected, and backed dialogue as a solution to the Kosovo crisis.
He expressed concern over the cases of human organ trafficking in Kosovo, stressing that the government in Beijing is in favor of full and unbiased probe.
Representatives of Columbia, Brazil, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina also voiced support to the dialogue as one of the possible solutions.
The Security Council met Tuesday to hear a regular quarterly update on the situation in Kosovo from the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, in which he expressed concern over the deterioration of the security situation in Kosovo, stressing that the number of violent incidents affecting Serbs increased after the attempt by Kosovo authorities to assert control at the administrative crossings in north Kosovo.